|These are among the
earliest photos taken of Savunese, dating from
Royal Family ca.1880
Ae (Kings), Beni Ae (Queens) and Fettor
of Savu and Rai Jua
At the end of the 19th century,
Rai Jua was home to 25 tribes; including Oedjoe
D'ima, Kolo Hab'a, Lede Talo, Koro (Koroh), to
name a few. The Dutch called the island Randjoea
and also Bendjoar. At that time it had 1.300
inhabitants, among which many were Christians.
1) Lomi Tulu (died 1794).
2) Raja Tulu (brother 1794 - ?) There is also
mention of a J'ara Lay in this same year (1794),
so perhaps the two brothers were actually
3) B'aku Ruha was the first King recognized by
4) (Ama Mehe) Tarie..... (Messe Tari)
5) (Ama Loni) Kudji.....(1868-death 7/4/1915).
6) (Ama Med'a) Lay..... (son; 1915-19 the first
Christian King, taking after baptism the extra
name of Paulus, born 1865; until 16/6/1918 last
7) Pia Lay (died 1954).
8) Jeremias Huru (Heremia Huru; installed 1956;
when rule of Savu-area became more together, he
became also gov. fettor; 2nd one; born ca. 1901;
died 18/4/1990; his son is Ama Kudji, if he is
King now is not known).
9) Herminus Radja Kudji (first Gov/Fettor;
probably not of royal lineage.
10) Bu Weler was a principality ruler; but
probably not of royal lineage; f.i. in 1986;
because Rai Jua was not easy to reach, was made
seperate sub-district) (cq) traditional ruler.
"Bu" is used to address an adult (male)
as in "Your Excelency".
11) In 1905-1907, Radja...(Ama Dj'aga) was
Fettor, or vice-Regal of Rai Jua. His contract
with the Dutch was recognized 3/6/1885.
Supposedly that the Fettors of Savu also had to
sign a contract, so that their status could be
confirmed by the Dutch.
12) Lay Nj'eb'e (Nyeb'e) (mentioned in 1767)
Rohi was the 1st King recognized by Portugese.
2) J'ami Kore.
3) Hab'a J'ami.
4) Lay Hab'a.
5) Bire Lay.
6) Riwu Bire.
7) Lomi Riwu.
8) Ina Tenga (her Savunese Loving Name), (Beni
Ae/Queen) died in 1684. Her first Savunese name
is not known. Succeded by her nephew, a son of
her brother Lay Lomi.
9) J'ara Lomi (a succesor before 1694, brother of
Lay Lomi and Ina Tenga).
10) Wadu Lay (mentioned between 1710 and 1731,
son of Lay Lomi, nephew of Dj'ara Lomi and Ina
11) J'ara Wadu (son of Wadu Lay, mentioned: 1746
or '47-1761 or '67).
12) Lomi J'ara (known also as Ama Doko: his
Savunese loving name. He is known from the Visit
of Captain Cook in 1770 and died in November
1778. He is a son of J'ara Wadu (Dj'ara Wadu).
13) Doko Lomi (eldest son of Lomi Dj'ara
1790-1794). Some information mentioned that Doko
Lomi succeded his father about ten years earlier
which was from 1778.
A certain Meha Mano (Mesa Mano) was made fettor
of Heb'a (Seba) after his deceased father in the
year 1790. Meha is subtitute for Mesak or Mesach.
14) Riwu Doko (son;until 18..)??
15) Bire Doko (brother; until 1830)??
15) Dj'ara..... (Ama Loni)(different lineage;
16) Talo Dj'ara (Ama D'ima)(son; 1859-1863).
17) (Ama Nia) Dj'awa..... (son of 16; 1863-186 .
18) Kaho Dj'awa (Ama Doko) (son; first Christian
King; also named Sjarle Kaho Dj'awa; 1868-1881;
19) Lazarus Rohi Dj'awa (Rosi Dj'awa) (1881 - his
death 12/2/1890; brother).
20) Alexander Rihi Dj'awa (1890 - his death 1901;
21) Elias Ludji Radja Pono (1901 - his death
The brother of 20 until 23 was King (Ama Ludji)
Dimu..... of Melolo/Sumba, who ruled there f.i.
24) Samuel Thomas Dj'awa (Logo Rihi); son of 22;
1906 ruled until his death 28/9/1935; born
16/4/1885; from 1914-1918 he was made by Dutch
the chief of a sort federation of the 5
principalities of the Savu Islands.
25) Paulus Charles Dj'awa (Rohi Rihi; brother;
1935 - his death in 1963).
26) David D. Bire Ludji (of different lineage;
He was also the last ruler of the Seba
Pawe Rake was f.i. between 1905-1907 Fettor of
Heb'a (Seba). His contract as such was recognized
by the Dutch on 3/6/1885.
2) Ama Rohi ....(Ama Rosi) (1676).
3) Ludji ....(1696).
4) Rohi Rano (Rosi Rano) (by 1710 until March
This Rohi Rano (Rosi Rano) ruled until March 1731
when two of his temukungs, Ama Rati ..... and
Leba..... ?, rebelled, since he wished to hand
over his throne to his daughter's son Hili
(Sili). Ama Rati thought he had the right to
become Du Ae (King). The rebels were supported by
Heb'a (Seba) and Liae but Hili (Sili) slipped
away to Kupang on 11 March 1731. The Dutch
intervened and succeeded to bring about a
successful solution. Rohi Rano (Rosi Rano)
declared that he was unable to rule any more,
being quite old. Therefore his daughter's son
Hili (Sili) (born 1705) succeeded. Hili Hab'a (
Sili Sab'a) then governed from 1731 until his
death in 1798, being succeeded by his son Elias
J'ara Hili (Elias Dj'ara Sili) (1798-after 1805).
In other words, he ruled an astonishing 67 years
- must be something of a record in documented
Indonesian history! During his reign he was known
as the upper regent (hoofd-regent) of Savu. His
son, Elias J'ara Hili (Elias Dj'ara Sili) who was
5) Hili Hab'a (Sili Sab'a) (1731 until his death
6) Elias J'ara (Dj'ara) Hili (Sili) (1798-after
6) Rewa D'aga (in 1832).
7) (Ama Hili) Hab'a.....(Sili Sab'a) ruled before
8) Ama Lai (Lay) D'aga..... (1858-186 ??).
9) Eduard Dj'ara Ludji.
10) (Ama Piga) Dj'ara..... (1868 until his death
Royal dynasty then extinct in direct line. Then
the Fettor-lineage began to rule.
11) Saul Wé Tanja (Tanya) Ludji (Fettor of Dimu
(Timu) from 1908/Fettor, ruler of Dimu (Timu)
from 1911; Fettor of the
Sawu-"federation" from 1918. Born
12) Tanja Ludji was temporary-Fettor (1905 died
13) Radja Tanja (chief dynasty; son).
14) Ludji Wé Tanya; nephew (was known to be the
last nominated fettor, but never once ruled).
Died early 1990s. By the 1980s the fettors could
no longer play their role and fettors' decendants
could no longer be nominated to rule as fettors
and are thus now commoners.
(of Heb'a/Seba) Principality
1) Tero Weo
was the first King recognized by the Dutch).
2) (Ama Gaja) Bengu Tagi (father of Gaja Bengu
and Rehi Bengu, ruled 1760 until at least 1790).
3) Gaja Bengu (ruled until 1794, died the very
3) Rehi Bengu (in 1794 -...). A certain (Ama
Piga) Tagi..... was named as King in 1832.
4) Tagi Rehi (Ama Gaja ); son. 1842 until 1868.
5) (Ama Lena) Rihi.....(Risi) (1868-1873. Deposed
because of his excessively temparental character.
In 1874 officially merged with Heb'a (Seba). The
end of Menia as a principality.)
Kore Rohi of Menia (fettor?) who was succeeded by
his son Dimu Kore.
J'ami (Wele is a Savu variation of Willem or
William and Welhemus or Wilhemus. First by the
Dutch recognized King of Mehara (Mesara). For
instance before 1717-1721)
2) Kore Wele (f.i. in 1752; son).
3) Dimu Kore (Ama Loni), son; before 1756-1760).
4) Rugi Dimu King from 1760; son. Not sure if he
is the same as King B'uki Dimu (see 6).
5) J'aga Riwu (Fettor from 1760 & King from
before 1767 until 1781).
6) B'uki Dimu (1781 (probably the sameone as
mentioned in no.3) - after 1794).
7) Uli B'uki (B'oeki) (known also as Ama B'ehi
(Besi); son. Probably the same as Ama Behi, who
was mentioned as King in 1832. (Ruled before
9) Dju Uli (Ama Leb'e); son. 1868-1893).
10) Doko Dju (known also as (Ama Tenga) alias
Dominggoes B'oeki. 1893 ruled until his death on
25/6/1914. After his death Mehara/Mesara merged
with the Sawu Federation under the King of Heb'a
(Seba), but retained its own rulers with a Fettor
title. The crownprince, Jakob Willem B'oeki
didn't want to succeed him; son of 9.).
11) B'ole Kore (nephew) A local source becomes a
certain B'ore Kole alias Benjamin B'oeki as
Fettor of Mehara (Mesara) in 1940. (not certain
where his place is is in the dinasty lineage).
12) Wela B'oeki (nephew).
13) Wele D'ima (2nd cousin. Was an assistant of
sub-district chief) of West Savu 1968-after 197-
The Kings (with title Fettors since 1914) becomes
Fettors only after a time. The first Fettor of
all Sawu becomes Fettor of Mehara (Mesara).
L'odo was the 1st King recognized by The
2) Riwu Manu (2nd idem).
3) J'ami Riwu Manu (son 3, ruled f.i. in 1721).
4) Mone Bengu (1726-?).
5) Mone Bengu (f.i. in 174?).
6) Kore Rohi (f.i. between 1752-1756).
7) Kore Lone (King or Fettor; ruled f.i. between
8) Manu Kore (before 1767 until at least 1794).
King Manu Kore of Liae ruled between 1767-1794.
He was named as a minor ruler; in 1758 (as a
minor, his ruling period were unknown).
9) (Ama Moye) Keloa..... (f.i. in 1832).
10) (Ama Iye) Yote.....(before 1852-1859).
11) (Ama B'aki) B'ela..... (1859-1868).
King (Ama B'aki) B'ela.... died of smallpox. In
the following year, there was a smallpox
epidimic, which decimated the population of the
12) Hendrik Ratu Manu (Ama Amoe) Manoe.....
before baptism in ca. 1874. Last King of
Savu-island to become Christian. 1868-1918 as
independent ruler. Date of death is unknown. When
his son died, King dynasty extinct in direct
line. Then Fettor-age began to rule).
13)........Riwu Ratu (19..-19..; son of 11).
Riwu Ratu was still ruling in 1936, but under the
title of Fettor, because all the principalities
were united by the Dutch between 1914 -1918 under
Paramount-rule of King of Heb'a (Seba). Each
former principality kept his own ruler. In 1905
the Fettor (vice-King) was Fettor Radja Hab'a,
whose contract with the Dutch was recognized in
14) Rohi Radja Hab'a (son of the former Fettor of
Liae, when Liae was still officially seperated
principality, became later ruler of Liae. In 1940
he was already Fettor. Not certain if his son is
now the present ruler of Liae.
NB: Savunese names and words which contain the
letter "S" are substituted with the
letter "H" in Savunese. e.g:
"Sawoe" is spelt and pronounced
Copyright © 2006 Ina
Tali/Francesca Von Reinhaart
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